FROM PASPORTIZATION TO LINGUISTIC-CULTURAL FIELDS OF “CAUCASIAN MOUNTAIN MAN” AND “SCOTTISH HIGHLANDER”

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Abstract. The research is focused on typical Russian and British concepts ‘Caucasian mountain man’ and ‘Scottish Highlander’. The aim of this study is to depict correlation between these concepts. Linguistic-cultural fields construction stimulated by the research conducted by O.A. Dmitrieva devoted to the ‘passport of linguistic-cultural types’ is undertaken in order to evaluate the existence and the number of similarities and differences between ‘Caucasian mountain man’ and ‘Scottish Highlander’. These fields are formed using the ideas expressed by V.V. Vorobjev (1997) in his monograph and due to the analyses of literary sources of the 19th century. Namely, the works by Mikhail Yu. Lermontov (to analyze the situation in Russian linguistic culture) and Sir Walter Scott (to characterize the situation in the British one) were studied. These writers were chosen not only because of the time period when they were creating their novels, but also because both originally were highlanders. Literary pieces chosen from the selected for the research works helped to ‘draw’ an image of typical ‘Caucasian mountain man’ and ‘Scottish Highlander’ of the 19th century. The most remarkable elements of the linguisticcultural fields of both concepts are presented in this article. All collected data are systematized in schemes and tables reflecting the linguistic and cultural differences between two concepts under analysis and, what is more important, the most correlating areas of their life, appearance, culture, behavior and etc. are revealed. The main conclusion made after this part of the research is that no matter how the geography, the culture, the history of the prototypical ‘Caucasian mountain man’ and ‘Scottish Highlander’ are, they are undoubtedly quite similar spiritually, as they have common values which they maintain (love for family, wife, children and friends, respect to elderly, honor to national weapons and clothing, etc.). What is more, both concepts are quite alike in their character features, being emotional, passionate, brave and even severe. These conclusions may stimulate the future research connected with the image of modern ‘Caucasian mountain man’ and ‘Scottish Highlander’ of the 20th – 21st centuries in literature and in the minds of their contemporaries.

Keywords: concept, linguistic culture, lexical item, linguisticcultural field

Natalia M. Nepomniashchikh

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia Moscow, Russia
e-mail: nepomnyashchikh-nm@rudn.ru
ORCID id: 0000-0002-6235-6534

Dmitrieva, O.A. 2007. Russian and French Linguocultural Types of the 20th century. Peremena, Volgograd, 307 pp. Lermontov, M.Yu. 2020. Collected works. URL: http://maximalibrary.org/mob/bl/series/9029 [Accessed March 03, 2020]. Scott, W. 2020. Collected Books. URL: http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/search/? query=walter+scott [Accessed March 05 2020]. Vorobjev, V.V. 1997. Linguistic-Cultural Studies (theory and methodology). Publishing house RUDN, Moscow, pp. 63-64.