NEGATIVE SOCIALISATION VIA THE MEANS OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE COURSE BOOKS

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Abstract. The article is devoted to negative socialisation effects in the process of learning English as a foreign language. Socialisation is a process of personality formation in a certain social environment, as well as getting life experience, assimilation of norms, values, and rules of behaviour. Education is one of the most powerful tools of socialisation, which is why authors of textbooks and teachers should be extremely careful when choosing the content of the teaching materials. Teaching materials can carry neutral, positive and negative socialisation effects. Negative socialisation comes out in socially unacceptable modes of behavior both in aggressive actions to the person himself/herself and to the environment and society around. Negative models can easily be accepted by the young generation, especially in case they are demonstrated in school course books. Foreign language textbooks should be designed on the basis of a range of methodological principles including the principle of cultural value. Topics of murder, theft, defamation, suicide and leaving people in danger are seen as methodologically wrong as they can lead to negative socialisation effects. Examples of tasks published in some foreign language textbooks, which potentially lead to negative socialisation, are demonstrated. Such books do not have to be approved by the Ministry of Education in Russia for the usage at schools in the role of the main educational source. Nevertheless, they can be chosen by teachers as additional materials at school or as the main course books in terms of vocational education. The cases presented are seen by the author of the article as dangerous due to the fact many young people in Russia tend to consider the lifestyle of some European countries more preferable than the one in their own country. Thus, the young reader is more vulnerable to the influence of content of learning materials published by foreign publishing houses. The lack of educational potential can have a devastating effect on the young generation. The author recommends to carefully analyse the content of the course book by the teacher before using it in the classroom and either avoid the methodologically incorrect materials or design new exercises to make the tasks more methodologically acceptable.

Keywords: socialisation, negative socialisation effects, methodological mistakes, course book, learning materials

Inna V. Kharlamenko

Lomonosov Moscow State University
Moscow, Russia
e-mail: ikharlamenko@yandex.ru ORCID id: 0000-0002-0340-7311

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