Abstract. In modern society, in the epoch of the globalization and escalation of the world, the social war and peace phenomena play an important role, since they occupy one of the main places in the life of any nation. Despite the fact that images of war and peace have been the objects of the research in a number of theses, they were not the objects of the comparative analysis of linguistic consciousness of the native Russian-, English- and Japanesespeaking people. Especially they were not the objects of the psycholinguistic experiment as ethnic stereotypes to identify the specifics of the three cultures in the aspect of civil and military society in the Russian Federation, Great Britain, the United States of America and Japan. The object of the study is the ethnic community as a carrier of national specific features and as a subject of interethnic dialogue of three different cultures – western, oriental and Eurasian. The main method of the research was comparative analysis. Along with this, the study used the method of free associative experiment, the method of directed associative experiment, method of subjective definition, method of “Semantic gestalt” (Yu. N. Karaulov), method of field stratification (I. A. Sternin, A. V. Rudakova), the method of statistical analysis. When analyzing the results of our study, we tried to identify a number of ethnic stereotypes that are particularly characteristics of each ethnic group separately, thus trying to draw preliminary conclusions about differences in the linguistic consciousness of the native Russian-, English- and Japanese-speaking people within the framework of understanding the two modern social war and peace phenomena. Thus, the study findings consist in the identification of the Russian, English and Japanese ethnic stereotypes about the two social war and peace phenomena, confirmed by the results of a psycholinguistic experiment.
Keywords: ethnic stereotype, psycholinguistic experiment, ethnos, war, peace
Elena A. Golubenko
The 21st Research Testing Institute of Military Automotive Vehicles of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation Bronnitsy, Moscow region, Russia e-mail: email@example.com ORCID id: 0000-0003-3105-264Х
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