Abstract. The article is devoted to the problem of improving the level of foreign language speaking skills. Over the past decades, the concept of “communicative” has become the most frequent and modern, since communicativeness is the basis for building the educational process, especially with preschool children. Under the concept of Russian education modernization, the issues of communicative teaching of the English language are of particular importance. The point is that communicative competence (CC) acts as an integrative goal, focused on achieving practical results in mastering the English language. Also, it is intended for the education, upbringing, and personal development of the student. The formation of foreign language communicative competence of preschool children is the primary goal of teaching foreign languages. The integrative goal of FLT to preschoolers is the formation of elementary CC at an affordable level for the child in the main types of speech activity: listening, speaking. Elementary CC presents the ability and willingness of a preschooler to carry out interpersonal and intercultural communication in a foreign language in a limited circle of typical situations and areas of communication available to the child. It includes ways of interacting with others, teamwork skills, and ownership of various social roles in the team. The child must be able to introduce himself, ask a question, answer the utterance. Today, the problems of communicative – cognitive development have not lost their relevance and attract the attention of many academic psychologists and specialists in the field of early learning of a foreign language (L.S. Vygotsky, V.V. Davydov, A.N. Leontyev, D. B. Elkonin). The article presents an analysis of the problem of the development of communicative competence of preschool children in a preschool. The article describes the characteristics and the structure and components of CC in preschool education; shows the relevance of the critical competencies formation in preschool age. The author reveals the role of the use of creative exercises in classes in kindergarten for the personality formation of a modern child, disclosure of his/her world, accumulation of experience in communication and interaction with the world. An example of practical training is given and conclusions are drawn that can be taken into account as practical recommendations in the development of the educational complex.
Keywords: English language teaching, preschoolers, communicative skills, creative tasks and games
Ekaterina M. Kosheleva
Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia Moscow, Russia
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