Abstract. The issues of language functioning in the context of a deep seated unity of knowledge are more important ever. Rapid technological progress conditions actualization of science commonality which touches inner and outer positioning of linguistics, too. Nowadays communicational interdependence and mutual influence of different directions of cognitive activity create particular demand for knowledge interpretation of some universal format. Appropriate methodological framework is linguistics. Contemporary linguistics is equipped with statistical instrumentality, is computer-mediated, and is characterized by an increased methodological mobility and pliability. This allows realizing wide interdisciplinary assortment of meta-language means. Objects of linguistic study are dynamically been changing. This stipulates permanent development of related knowledge. It is remarkable that narrow specialization creates many lacunae in the scientific sphere: breakthroughs in particular directions are actively and fruitfully developed while systematic and complex work remains in the shadows. Interdisciplinarity and interdirectionality allow to cope with this fragmentality of knowledge which prevents to exploit the full potency of the really unified linguistics. In turn, some specialization is useful while creating interdisciplinary research teams that can effectively realize the benefits of every highly specialized deposit into syncretic knowledge. One way or another, the linguistic reflection mirrors and masters a multifaceted symbiosis of knowledge. Researchers often face the problem of choosing priorities from among a number of reliable promises. Thus, the perspectives of computer-mediated communication promote the participation of a large number of specialists from related scientific fields. But the narrow technical approach to communicational methodology is often incomplete and one-sided. With that, the number of philologists specialized in information-problematics remains catastrophically small. Simultaneously this deficit is promptly filled with a number of specialists from related scientific fields, including mathematicians, engineers and sociologists. Meanwhile, the deficit of mass competence in applied linguistics is compensated for by the active involvement of a huge number of “neighbor-specialists” in humanities. On one hand, the scope of communication knowledge is very broad and comprehensive but on the other, knowledge of a language is not yet equal to professional linguistic competence. Significant changes have occurred in science due to the establishing of empirically oriented and computerized paradigms in the middle of the 20th century. These changes unhesitatingly turned science toward synergysm, including interdisciplinary and interdirectional science development.
Keywords: interdisciplinarity, interdirectionality, linguistic reflection, applied linguistics, synergism
Minsk State Linguistic University Minsk, Belarus
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